Wake had ambitions to expand into China. The United
















Wake a Sleeping Giant

Licon, Amber

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Dec. 4, 2017





























Wake a Sleeping Giant

Every president of the United
States takes an oath, to protect, preserve, and defend the nation they
serve.  Presidents are faced with the world’s
most difficult of challenges; they must make decisions for the good of the
country.  Their choices can change the
course of history.  Franklin D.

Roosevelt’s decisions greatly impacted the world, and still do; specifically,
his involvement in President Harry S. Truman’s bold decision to drop not one
but two atomic bombs on Japan.  This action
stuck controversy throughout the world.  Many
believe that this action was inhumane.  While
others believe that it brought honor to those men and women who were killed
during the attack of Pearl Harbor.  This
action was justified and here is why.

When World War II began, the United
States was a neutral country. That is until Japan attacked U.S. soil.  The reasons for the Japanese attack had been
building up for over a decade.  The
Japanese were seeing themselves as an imperial force and had ambitions to
expand into China.  The United States
responded to Japan’s declaration of war on China by enforcing trade embargos
and economic sanctions.  What pushed
Japan over the edge was when the U.S. organized with the British and Dutch to
implement an oil embargo.  This hurt
Japan because 90% of Japanese oil was imported. 
Without oil, Japan’s military was impaired; all of their war efforts
came to a sudden halt.  This action
deeply upset Japan, which led them to one of the most disastrous decisions in

On December 7, 1941 the United
States was attacked at Pearl Harbor Naval Base near Honolulu, Hawaii.  This was the setting of a devastating
unforeseen attack.  The attack took place
just before 8am, on a Sunday, hundreds of Japanese fighter planes descended on
the base, where they succeeded in destroying and damaging 20 American Naval
vessels including 8 massive battleships, and more than 300 airplanes.  This heartbreaking event shook Americans when
they found out that the Japanese killed over 2,400 Americans and wounded over
1,000 these men and women were sailors, soldiers, and civilians.  The very next day the President of the United
States, Franklin D. Roosevelt asked congress to declare war on Japan. 

the assault, for the first time, after years of debate American’s were equally
determined to go to war.  Japan attacked
the U.S. with the intention to lift the sanctions and deter the U.S. from
involvement with their endeavors.  What
happened was the exact opposite instead they set off a domino effect that led
to global conflict.  On December 8,
Congress approved Franklin D. Roosevelt’s declaration of war.  Three days after congressed approved going to
war, Japan’s allies Germany and Italy declared war against the United States.  The United States entered World War II two
years after the war began because of Japan.

            A general
rule in war is to never go against a power that can outmatch you; it is common
sense to not wage war with a country that can completely obliterate your
country entirely.  It is important for
World leaders to not blindly make drastic or impulsive decisions without fully
taking into account the consequences of those decisions and how it can affect
their people.  Which is why Japan was
foolish to believe that the United States would react cohesively in response to
the attack of Pearl Harbor.  Just like
the Japanese, Americans are proud people; the U.S. considered Japan to be an
inferior enemy.  That was a mistake that
cost the U.S. greatly, a mistake that would not be made again.

Franklin D. Roosevelt set out to avenge Pearl Harbor and hit the heart of
Japan.  That decision was justified when
Japan attacked U.S. soil.  It was a decision
that was influenced by their actions.  The
atomic bombs that were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan were not the
orders of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, but the orders his Vice President
Harry S. Truman when he assumed Presidency after FDR’s death on April 12, 1945
in the midst of World War II.  Only a few
months into his Presidency the bombs were dropped.  This stuck controversy throughout the world
and Harry S. Truman receives criticism to this day for this collaborative
decision, although, this criticism is based on limited historical knowledge on
the matter.

Truman’s basis for his decision to drop bombs was to avoid the invasion of
Japan, which would of in turn led to more casualties on both ends.  By 1945 Japan had already been subjected to
months of attacks by American aircraft and Japan’s home islands had been on an
American naval blockade. The result was the loss of an estimated 3
million.  This was a conflict that seemed
endless because of Japans leaders refusal to back down.  The leaders gathered a large part of the
population to defend their home islands to create a national militia. That is
when President Truman dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki the
significance of dropping the bombs in those locations was because it was a
military installation and a strong industrial area.  Just to demonstrate and fully understand
Japan’s relentlessness, Japan’s military still wanted to make a desperate
attempt to fight back.  The atomic bombs
were necessary to clearly make Emperor Hirohito understand that the defense of
his homelands was hopeless.