Matthew MoghaddamMs. ScheloskeEnglish 11: American Lit Block B29 January 2018Compare and Contrast in The Great Gatsby In the novel, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Nick Carraway narrates the novel as he tells the story of the mysterious and renowned millionaire, Jay Gatsby. The novel takes place in the twentieth century just after World War I ends, and today it is considered an American classic. In 2013, Baz Luhrmann adapted the novel into a movie. In his movie, Luhrmann stayed true to the original storyline from the 1920s, but also made some adjustments so that the movie will connect more to modern day society. In the movie, Luhrmann’s use of syntax matches accordingly with the novel showing how the party scene is fast paced and full of life. However, the movie’s modern additions of rap and hip hop music illustrate how the party scene is energy-filled. Ultimately, the use of syntax and music choice in the party scene of the Great Gatsby demonstrates how the movie and novel are both similar and different. The novel and movie both incorporate syntax in their work proving how the party scene is rapid. In the novel, before Gatsby’s elaborate party begins, Nick describes the setting and what is taking place. Nick states that: “by seven o’clock the orchestra has arrived, no thin five piece affair, but a whole pitiful of oboes and trombones and saxophones and viols … The last swimmers have come in from the beach now and are dressing up-stairs; the cars from New york are parked five deep in the drive, and already the halls and salons and verandas are gaudy with primary colors.” (Fitzgerald 40).Similarly, in the movie, Nick describes everything taking place at the party in great detail. Eloquently, Nick USING DIALOGUE illustrates the setting, characters, and atmosphere to the audience using dependent clauses, which is a basic and common form of syntax.The syntax present in the quotes emphasizes how everything is rushed and is on-going. Nobody seems to be standing still and calm. Rather everyone seems to be doing their duty all at once. The well placed commas and colons allow Fitzgerald to insert pauses and intertwine different ideas. The deliberate use of syntax keeps the reader constantly on their toes since a period is not present. Moreover, by keeping the reader on their toes, Fitzgerald is able to be as creative as he wants, which is the foundation for every author. The music choice in both the novel and movie contradict one another and give the reader a different experience. In the novel, Nick states that, “a great number of single girls were dancing individualistic or relieving the orchestra for a moment of the burden of the banjo or the traps… By midnight a celebrated tenor had sung in Italian, and a notorious contralto had sung in jazz” (Fitzgerald 46). The audience can only assume how boring and depressing Gatsby’s party is through the words “orchestra, banjo, and traps” at a party. By using these words, Nick makes the party sound rather lethargic and slow. Contrary, in the movie, Luhrmann uses a modern and contemporary song by Fergie to effectively alter our perception of what is taking place. In the lyrics, Fergie sings, “A little party never killed nobody, we gonna dance until we drop. A little party never killed nobody, right here, right now is all we got.” The use of hyperbole in the lyrics (a little party would never actually kill anyone) makes the party seem exhilarating and a “once in a lifetime” event. Luhrmann’s approach completely goes against the feelings the novel let out to the reader. Evidently, Fergie’s hip hop song in the movie goes against the dull music in the novel. This song makes the reader feel as if the party is full of energy and enthusiasm. It is very upbeat and makes the audience want to experience the liveliness of the party, undoubtedly going against the music choice in the novel.