Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development
Kohlberg brought about a
profound change in the way we look at moral development his theory is focused
on individuals growing understanding of the social world. He assessed moral
development by evaluating individual’s reactions to moral dilemmas
• Stage 1 Obedience and
Punishment Orientation. The individual is honest among order to avoid being
punished. If a man or woman is punished, they must have done wrong.
• Stage 2.Individualism and
Exchange. At this stage, children recognize that there is now not just one
correct view that is passed down by the authorities. Different individuals hold
• Stage 3. Good Interpersonal Relationships. The individual
is good in order to remain viewed as being a strong individual by using others.
Therefore, answers relate to the approval of others.
• Stage 4.Maintaining the Social Order. The
child/individual will become conscious of the wider policies about society, so
judgments subject to obeying the rules in discipline to uphold the regulation
• Stage 5.Social Contract and Individual Rights. The individual
will become aware that whilst rules/laws might live for the good of the
greatest number, there are times when they will work in opposition to the
interest of particular individuals. Id guilt.
• Stage 6.Universal Principles. People at this podium
have promoted their very own set of moral pointers which may or may now not
match the law. The principles apply to everyone.
In the early years of adolescence, imitation to the
group is nonetheless necessary to boys and girls. Gradually, they begin to seek
identity and are no longer blissful to be like their friends in each and every
aspect, as it were earlier.
Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) proposed a
psychoanalytic theory about psychosocial improvement comprising eight stages
from infancy according to adulthood. During each stage, the person experiences
a psychosocial crisis who may want to hold a positive or negative outcome for personality