Fossils as the organisms from the past are not

Fossils are any preserved remains of any organism from
the past. Fossils provide important evidence regarding the organism’s past. Specimen
typically have to be over 10,000 years old in order to be considered a fossil. Fossils
show a progression of evolution, as the organisms from the past are not the
same as those today. Some examples of fossils include; shells, bones, stone
prints, DNA remains, oil, coal, and hair. There are two main categories of
fossils: body fossils and trace fossils. Both kinds are the remains of living organisms
however, body fossils display the body formation of the organism whereas trace
fossils show the action/life of the organism

The study of human bones is not just restricted to
osteology but also reaches fields such as archaeology and forensic anthropology.

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One aspect of these studies is that it investigates human skeletal remains in
order to recreate the past, comprehend human variation, and provide information
about the deceased person. For example, age, sex, ancestry, mental illnesses or
traumatic injuries.

 

A standard inspection will
involve:

 

–      
Catalog of present
skeletal elements

–      
Dental inventory

–      
Ancestry

–      
Pathology, cultural
modifications

–      
Height and other
metric data

–      
Non-metric data

–      
Aging data