Economically the plants if it were legal for all

Economically the federal government could apply the same measures taken
when alcohol was not legal and use the money generated from taxes that this
billion-dollar industry produces to remedy some of the economic issues that our
nation currently face. This has already been proven a billion-dollar industry.
“The Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank that supports legalization,

Although the federal government does not accept the funds
generated by this industry, the revenue that is created by this industry can be
useful. Additionally, many Americans could benefit from the income from this
industry. “A report by the Cato Institute on The Budgetary Impact of
Ending Drug Prohibition estimates that legalizing drugs would save roughly $41.3
billion per year in government expenditure on enforcement of prohibition and
yield tax revenue oß46.7 billion annually, assuming legal drugs were taxed at
rates comparable to those on alcohol and tobacco” (Gail, 2013).

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The physical environment factors that should be considered
when speaking about this issue is how would legalizing this substance for
medicinal use affect the environment overall and how this would affect the
people overall as well. One factor to consider when talking about the physical
environment would be the current state of the environment. How much energy
would be consumed to grow the plants if it were legal for all states and where
would people grow the plant and how often? The federal government already
regulate what is grown, where it is grown, and how much is grown. Legalizing
this substance from an economic standpoint would have enormous benefits.

Medically, studies have been performed on the substance to
support the use for treatment of certain illnesses such as and the opinion of those
medical professionals that support the use of medical marijuana to assist in
getting the substance legalized. Those researchers have also pegged this
substance as being the safest and most natural therapeutically substance that
man has obtained. Supporting this statement would be in a 1988 opinion wrote by
the Drug Enforcement Agency administrative law judge agreeing that with
regulation and under the right supervision this substance can be used for
medical care (Lee, 2012, p. 201). Several states inside the United States have
decriminalized this substance and legalized this schedule 1 substance for
medicinal use only (under the care and instructions of a doctor and with a
prescription) and other states for recreational use (small amounts).

Furthemore, if or when this substance is legalized, the
rest of the country can observe how the state of Colorado has managed the legalization
of marijuana. On the new year of 2014, that was the first state to legalize the
substance for recreational use, but after the first year, the governor of that
state felt that more time should have been spent on how to introduce this
substance instead ofjust legalizing it. According to the governor, it has done
more harm than good socially, due to law enforcement interaction with public
consumption (Gogek, 2015). Another issue that contributes to the social
environment of this issue, in the implementation of this policy, are the
politicians inside Congress that do not believe in the scientific research
conducted.

The social environment sunounding the issue of legalizing
marijuana for medicinal and or recreational purpose is confident, but not
active enough to influence the federal government to pass this notion through
Congress. Also, a great public opinion is for legalizing this substance, but
again this influence is not strong enough to sway Congress. In a poll taken in
2011, over half of country’s population at the time felt that marijuana should
be legalized while the other half opposed the idea; but this has changed since
then. In another poll taken the population was divided equally on the issue of
the marijuana debate (Dutton, De Pinto, Salvanto, & Backus, 2014). That may
be a different story for this year’s election. The social environment has
changed a bit much, and it is believed that this election may produce more
supporters than last time. With those supporters, the marijuana debate will be short
lived by the legalization of this drug solely based on the demographic that is
voting this election (Yakowicz, 2016).

Policy Environment

There is also an argument of how the abuse of marijuana can
have severe effects on an individual’s impairment or ability to function.
However, alcohol can also have serious effects if used recklessly or abused,
such as hanger overs, vomiting, and even loss of life, but it is still legal in
this country. “Research conducted on this substance supports the idea of
marijuana not having the same effects as alcohol, this comparison is commonly used
for this substance that has a very compelling point” (Fox, Amentano, and
Tven, 2009, p. 18).

This substance has been labeled as a gateway substance that
a large juvenile population has access to. The biggest concern associated with
the use of marijuana, are the effects that it has on the brain. From a cognitive
perspective and keeping in mind that adolescent brains are still developing,
some would argue that if marijuana is used by the juvenile, the chances for
populations of youth making poor decisions may increase. This could also
influence the minor to use other substances that are harsher than marijuana
(Newton, 2013).

The argument of legalizing marijuana is not a new topic;
this topic was discussed and argued in 1970. Also during the 70’s many states
and politicians was for legalizing the substance. There has been much
controversy surrounding the issue of this substance medically and legally. The
decriminalization of marijuana was also popular amongst many states during
Nixon’s presidency. More than ten states would eventually decriminalize this
substance (Gogek, 2015). With these arguments and debate came a comparison of
this substance to alcohol that has been responsible for so many deaths, so how
fair is it to place people in prison (criminalize) for being a marijuana smoker
(Gogek, 2015)?

The Controlled Substance Act of 1970 was enacted to address
the drug problem that existed with drug trafficking within the United States
and importation from other countries like South America. By initiating a war on
drugs, several problems followed this entire campaign. The mass incarceration
of a significant number of the United States population and the long-term cost
associated with those incarcerated individuals. The mass incarceration would
have a lasting effect that would end up taxing the American people. In light of
this situation, there would be supporters of all types, specifically political
and state officials, which support the idea of legalizing marijuana and not
placing people in prison for its use.

The current drug policy that Marijuana falls under is the
Control Substance Act of 1970. Under this act, the federal government views any
recreational use of marijuana as unlawful. If anyone caught with this substance
outside of those states where the substance is legal or without proper
documentation, can be charged and prosecuted under the guidelines of this act. Under
the Controlled Substance Act of 1970, marijuana is recognized as a scheduled
one substance and fall under certain penalties for possession. This entire act
was first initiated by President Nixon and executed by the Reagan
Administration. Nixon noticed there was a serious issue within the United
States and decided to address the matter with a solution that would resolve the
problem of the massive increase in drug-related issues (crimes, usage, and
arrest). With these issues recognized by Nixon came the Drug legislation at the
different levels of government that in his opinion would help resolve the
issues that at the time became a national headline (n. p. r., 2007).

Policy Description

not used as much. “1969 Gallup poll
found that only 4percent of American adults had tried marijuana” (Gogek,
2015, p. 17).

Outside of the negative controversy surrounding marijuana,
marijuana has some real uses outside of the realm of abuse. Marijuana became
popular during the Nixon and Reagan era, but this became so popular that it
would eventually spread to areas or institutions that would not be as socially
accepted. Outside of college, this substance was

Decriminalizing this substance that is
associated with lengthy prison sentences will assist our nation with issues of
overcrowding prisons and many tax dollars related to the high prison
population. Some also argue, if it is legal for medicinal use; why not legalize
it for recreational use. There is so much surrounding the subject on marijuana
and its legalization; no one would ever believe how far back this issue and the
legalization topic has been around. A brief history lesson on marijuana could
help aid in the understanding of why people may support its legalization.

From the researcher’s perspective, there has been talk about
this substance being “the gateway drug” to other substances that has
caused far more harm than good.

From a scientific perspective, there has been many medical
breakthroughs revealing that this substance is more beneficial than harmful.
Medicinal marijuana can assist patients who suffer from the pain of multiple
sclerosis, epileptic seizures, anxiety, dravet’s syndrome, glaucoma, etc. In
2010 the Department of Veteran’s Affairs decided to approve marijuana for
medicinal use as a form of treatment for some of their patients. According to
the regulation, the patients that are approved for the medicinal substance are
only allowed to use and receive the substance in those states where it is legal
(Draizin, 2010).

However, there are three different types of marijuana
plants, Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis. Most people
know marijuana to have many different names like Mary Jane, chronic or weed.
The official names that are regularly recognized for this plant or substance is
marijuana and Cannabis. What most people do not know is that all three of these
plants have the name Cannabis in them but are all different in many ways. The
difference that exists in these plants are not only in their names, where they
are grown (geographically), and their physical features. The plants Cannabis
sativa, indica and ruderalis are all different in size and psychotropic effects
(Fox, Armentano, &Tvert, 2009). Understandably, this substance has been
labeled as dangerous, but this can also be said about alcohol. This issue of
marijuana is like alcohol and the prohibition with some variations. Alcohol has
the highest number of deaths for those under the influence, more than any other
substance. Although, marijuana is considered a “gateway drug” that
lead users to more dangerous drugs such as cocaine and heroin, but most users
never progress to harsher drugs. Some people believe in the use of marijuana
for medicinal reasons to treat illnesses such as PTSD, MS and Alzheimer, while
others believe that marijuana should remain criminalized because of the
negative effects it has on the human brain and function of a person.

Marijuana, there has been much controversy
surrounding the issue of this substance medically and legally. The term
“Marijuana” is a term used that derived from Mexico and is
scientifically known as cannabidiol (CBD) or tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). There
are several types of marijuana. The federal government does not specify which
type is illegal. The government generalizes the plant as one and place them all
under the Substance Control Act of 1970.

Introduction