Despite levels were insufficient, stress levels too high and

     Despite being equipped with knowledge about health, medical students
face a lot of the barriers which prevent them from practicing healthy habits
.The peculiar ways of education and stressful environment during their courses
and examinations may affect their psycho-social well being (1). Many health
related problems emerge: Weight problems, lack of physical activity, lack of
sleep, the acquisition of new habits such as smoking, difficulty in stress
management and unhealthy dietary patterns are some examples of such problems (2).

   
Various studies have been focused on assessment of knowledge and
practices regarding nutrition, exercise, sleeping habits and smoking among
medical students. In a Japanese study, almost half of the dental students
missed one of the three main meals (3). In another cross sectional survey in
UAE, a large percentage of medical students were found to be either underweight
or obese and most believed that their activity levels were insufficient, stress
levels too high and their diet was just unhealthy (4). Studies also report lack
of appropriate physical activity and prevalence of unhealthy habits like smoking
and alcohol among a large proportion of medical students (5).

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      One of the most important determinants of
general health and wellbeing is the physical activity. It is an important
modifiable risk factor for many non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including
heart diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, stroke, type-2 diabetes and some
cancers (6). In Recent years, as well, researchers
have investigated the relationship between physical
activity and psychological health. Psychosocial
problems have negatively affected school performance, social skills and mental
development (11).

    Based on self-report questionnaires,
between 20% and 80% of university students globally were physically inactive (7,8)
 and over 60% did not meet the global
recommendations of sufficient health-related physical activity of at least 150
minutes/week of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes/week of vigorous-intensity
physical activity, or an equivalent combination . However, when an objective
measure of physical activity was utilized, a recent study indicated about 95%
of Spanish university students did not meet these global recommendations (9). 

A study was
carried out on 15122 university students to assess the effect of vigorous
physical activity (VPA) on their mental health. The students were from 23
universities from the Americas, Africa, and Asia. Students who met VPA
recommendations were less likely to report perceived stress, more likely to
report subjective good health and depression than students without VPA. (10)

Another study was done to
investigate in the relation between physical activity and psychological
problems among adolescents. This study was based on the Dutch National Youth Health Monitor. It was a cross-sectional
questionnaire conducted among 96 617 adolescents in 2015. It showed that
physically active adolescents had fewer psychosocial problems compared with
physically inactive adolescents. Not only is this association significant, but
there is an indication that it is also of clinical relevance. (11)

In a
study done in Kasr Al-ainy medical students in 2012, exercise engagement in a
sample of the 1st, 3rd and 5th year student
was measured. About 94 of a total of 440 students had a regular physical
activity (21.4 %) 12.

On this
study we are discussing the prevalence of physical activity among medical
students. We are going to assess the relation between the level of physical
activity performance and the wellbeing of medical students to promote their
life, whether the academic or non-academic life. We will also estimate the effect of physical activity
on the academic performance of the students.

 

Goals and Objectives:

Goal

Health promotion of medical student
and upgrading their quality of life

Objectives

1-      To assess of Physical activity pattern among medical students of Kasr Al-Ainy, 4th grade,
2017-2018.

2-      To assess of Academic performance among
medical students.

3-      To identify the relation between Physical
activity and academic performance among medical
students of Kasr Al-Ainy, 4th grade, 2017-2018.

4-      To profile wellbeing among medical students of Kasr Al-Ainy, 4th grade,
2017-2018.

5-      To assess the relation between physical activity and wellbeing
among medical students of Kasr Al-Ainy, 4th grade, 2017-2018.

Recommendation

To contribute in the development of
health promotion programs designed specifically for them.

METHODOLOGY

Study Design:

A descriptive cross-sectional study design was carried out.

STUDY SETTINGS AND POPULATION

this study will be implemented in
medical students from 4th year (2017-2018) , using a random sample
of 120 students from each respective year to be representative for the purpose
of this research.

 

SAMPLING AND TECHNIQUE

A random
sample of 120students from the 4th year where picked up to be
included in this study.

DATA COLLECTION AND STUDY TOOLS

Anthropometric
measurements such as weight, height, mid-arm circumference, triceps skin fold
thickness and body mass index were measured. The students completed a
self-administered questionnaire including data about some life style factors
and food consumption , healthy habits , smoking status and some other data
related to the topic.

DATA ANALYSIS PLAN AND DATA
PRESENTAION

All collected questionnaires will be revised for competences and
logical consistency. Data will be coded and entered on a data sheet prepared on
Excel program, and then transposed to the Statistical Package for Social
Sciences analysis. Data checking will be done by simple frequencies.
Quantitative data are displayed as mean and standard deviation, while qualitative data will be displayed as percentages.

ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS

As the study deals with young adults, certain ethical steps were
implemented:

• Formal approval was obtained from
the vice president of the university for education and student affairs.

• Approval and support from deans
and vice deans of the selected schools were also obtained.

• Junior faculty and students’
affairs employees who shared in distributing the questionnaires were introduced
to the aim of the study and the importance of confidentiality for students who
responded to the questionnaire.

• All the questionnaires were
enveloped to preserve the confidentiality of the respondents

• The questionnaire began with a
description of the study and a clear explanation of its purpose.

 

REFRENCES

1) Omokhodion FO, Gureje O. Psychological problems of clinical
students in the University of Ibadan Medical School. Afr J Med Sci 2003 Mar;

32(1): 55-8.

2) Carter AO, Elzubeir M,
Abdulrazzaq YM, Revel

AD, Townsend A. Health and lifestyle Needs Assessment
of Medical Students in the United Arab Emirates Med Teach. 2003. Sep.,
25(5):461-2.

 

3) Motoko A,
Kayoko S, Keiko E, Keiko K, Naomi Y, Yoko K. The relationship

among eating
habits, lifestyles, and oral health status of students. Kokubyo

Gakkai Zasshi
2002; 69: 290-5.

4)  Carter AO, Elzubeir M, Abdulrazzaq YM, Revel
AD, Townsend A. Health and

lifestyle needs
assessment of medical students in the United Arab Emirates.

Med Teac 2003; 25: 492-6.

5) Troyer D,
Ullrich IH, Yeater RA, Hopewell R. Physical activity and condition,

dietary habits,
and serum lipids in second-year medical students. J Am Coll

Nutr 1990; 9: 303-7.

6) World Health Organization. Global status report on
noncommunicable diseases 2014 Geneva: WHO, 2015

 

7) Haase A, Steptoe A, Sallis JF, Wardle
J. Leisure-time physical activity in university
students from 23 countries: associations with health beliefs, risk awareness,
and national economic development. 2015

8)
 Keating XD, Guan J, Pin˜ero JC, Bridges
DM. A meta-analysis of college students’
physical activity behaviors. J Am
Coll Health. 2005

9) Arias-Palencia NM, Solera-Martínez M, Gracia-Marco L, Silva
P, Martínez-Vizcaíno V, Cañete-García-Prieto J, et al. Levels and patterns of objectively assessed physical activity
and compliance with different public health guidelines in university students.

10) Pengpid S, Peltzer K. Vigorous physical activity, perceived stress, sleep and mental
health among university students from 23 low- and middle-income countries.
(2018)

11) Kuiper J, Broer J, van der Wouden JC. Association between physical exercise and
psychosocial problems in 96 617 Dutch adolescents in secondary education: a
cross-sectional study. (2018)

12) Shaimaa B.
Abdelaziz and Arwa M. El-Shafei. Health and
Lifestyle Assessment among Medical Students of El Kasr El Aini, Faculty of
Medicine, Cairo University. (2012)