Bangladesh found strongest influential factor for explaining the variation

Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world (Ahmed et al., 2005) and it ranks 8th in the list of other countries. The total population is over 142 million and growth rate 1.37% (BBS, 2011). With this dense population, she achieved a renewable progress in degradation of poverty (UNDP, 2008). But in many places of this country, women are leading a miserable life with health risks than male (Begum et al., 2017) because of their poor condition (Khatun et al., 2013). About 31.5% people in Bangladesh live below the national poverty line in 2010 (NSSS, 2015). About 24% of Bangladeshi women nearly one who is currently married experienced both physical and current violence, 10.5% sexual and 19.4% physical violence. Moreover, 18% are being slapped by their husband last one year (Khan, 2017). Prevalence of physical and sexual IPV (Intimate partner violence) of women was found mostly in the poorest category comparative household wealth and women with no education compared to other respondents (Ahmed, 2005).

In Bangladesh, lower mortality rate found of those women who were independent with their own occupation and education status (Hurt, 2004). The living standard also found strongest influential factor for explaining the variation of antenatal care and got height mean whose family condition is higher (Hossain, et al., 2015). Women with the highest living standard family or with wealth quintile were 0.557 times less delivered by untrained traditional birth attendant than lowest quintile in the rural area of Bangladesh (Chowdhury et al., 2013). Women who’re had asset one or more that means in the better condition of wealth got 46.7% sought care from doctor/nurse/midwife in their delivery complication than poorest condition women (Chowdhury et al., 2007).

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Evidence shows that women’s autonomy relates to earned income than unearned, wage income has the larger effect of women autonomy in any household. (Anderson et al., 2009). It has also been seen that the majority of males attitude toward women remain conservative, their movement from outside home, their seeking education, and information has not increased and narrow (Panday, 2010). A large number of well-educated women are not in positions that would give them to use their education to fulfill their own basic needs (Umme et al., 2012). In order to decrease poverty by increasing incomes, improving health and nutrition, and reducing family size education plays a vital role (LB, 1982). It affects about the decision making of family planning, literate women make the decision about contraceptive alone because they concern about their own health than illiterate women. Another study also found that, among other socio factors, education provides opportunities to a person to be well placed in a society (Islam, 2014). The high rate of incomplete secondary education and the lower rate of educational attainment for women is occurred because of child marriage before age 16 (as compared with 18) (Islam et Al., 2016).

In Bangladesh and few other countries, it is found from practical studies that socio-economic and socio-demographic status is considerable factors of health care seeking behavior as well as the living standard for a community (Siddique, 2016). That’s why this study attempts to determine the socio-demographic factors, which are associated with the living standard of ever-married women in Bangladesh. We restrict our analysis by using BDHS data only for rural and urban ever-married women condition in Bangladesh and how these factors affect severally.